Need of Parliamentary Committees
The work done by the Parliament in modern times is considerable in volume and varied in nature. The time at its disposal is limited (Remember that our Parliament normally meets only for 3 sessions, that too only for around 100 days each year!). It cannot, therefore, give close consideration to the details of all the legislative and other matters that come up before it. Hence Parliamentary Committees are necessary for detailed study on specific matters.
Types of Parliamentary Committees
Based on purpose and duration.
Standing – Advisory and Enquiry.
Based on composition.
Select – Single House, i.e., either LS or RS.
Joint – Both Houses.
Ad hoc Committees vs Standing Committees
Ad hoc Committees are appointed for a specific purpose and they cease to exist when they finish the task assigned to them and submit a report.
Examples of ad hoc committees:
Committees on Bills (Select and Joint).
Railway Convention Committee.
Committees on the Draft Five Year Plans.
Hindi Equivalents Committee.
Standing Committees are permanent committees. Each House of Parliament has Standing Committees.
Examples of standing committees:
How Parliament transacts its business with Parliamentary Committees?
Standing Committees in Loksabha (Select)
Standing Committees in Rajysabha (Select)
|Sl. No.||Name of the Committee||No. of members in the Committee|
|1.||Business Advisory Committee 11|
|2.||Committee on Papers Laid on the Table 10||10|
|3.||Committee on Petitions 10||10|
|4.||Committee of Privileges 10||10|
|5.||Committee on Rules 10||16|
|6.||Committee on Subordinate Legislation 15||15|
|7.||Committee on Government Assurances 10||10|
|8.||General Purposes Committee not fixed|
|9.||House Committee 10|
|10.||Ethics Committee 10|
|11.||Committee on Provision of Computers for Members of Rajya Sabha 7|
|12.||Committee on Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme 10|
Joint Standing Committees
Department related Standing Committees (Joint)
|Sl No.||Name of the Department Related Standing Committee (LS)|
|1||Committee on Agriculture|
|2||Committee on Chemicals & Fertilizers|
|3||Committee on Coal & Steel|
|4||Committee on Defence|
|5||Committee on Energy|
|6||Committee on External Affairs|
|7||Committee on Finance|
|8||Committee on Food, Consumer Affairs & Public Distribution|
|9||Committee on Information Technology|
|10||Committee on Labour|
|11||Committee on Petroleum & Natural Gas|
|12||Committee on Railways|
|13||Committee on Rural Development|
|14||Committee on Social Justice & Empowerment|
|15||Committee on Urban Development|
|16||Committee on Water Resources|
|Sl No||Name of the Department Related Standing Committee (RS)|
|1||Committee on Commerce|
|2||Committee on Health and Family Welfare|
|3||Committee on Home Affairs|
|4||Committee on Human Resource Development|
|5||Committee on Industry|
|6||Committee on Personnel, Public Grievances, Law and Justice|
|7||Committee on Science & Technology, Environment & Forests|
|8||Committee on Transport, Tourism and Culture|